In small scale societies, a physical impairment does not come to define one’s entire social identity because the individual in small scale societies is related and connected to others in many social roles and contexts.
The ecological approach concerns the complete environment (context and time): mind, body, social integration, the built environment, and the inherited environment.
Phenomenology studies the structure of various types of experience ranging from perception, thought, memory, imagination, emotion, desire, and volition to bodily awareness, embodied action, and social activity, including linguistic activity.
Examines how essential life events relate to ‘transformations of status’ and to ‘roles’ in someone’s life. The Life Cycle Theory offers a critical, heuristic tool for use by ethnographers and others interested in the analysis of disability oppression.
Features of Postmodern Theory: Disability is created when we talk about it. Disabled identity isn’t a person’s only identity. Impairment and disability are equally important in analysis. Disability and degree of disability are determined by context.
The real issues in disability are about oppression, discrimination, inequality and poverty.
Current sociopolitical structures produce access barriers for and discrimination against impaired people resulting in disability.
Features of the Independent Living Paradigm: Self-Help, Consumer Protection, Demedicalization / Self-Care, Civil Rights, and Deinstitutionalization / Mainstreaming / Normalization.
I define normal as the way of existing or behaving that is supported by whatever system, institution or structure you are currently engaging with.
Anomaly is defined as phenomena that fall in between cultural categories and create cultural tension and dissonance.